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How To

How ToHow To

NAS 101

  • How to Manipulate IP Addresses

    Setting and working with IP addresses can be very complicated even for advanced users. Read through some basic guidelines of how IP addresses work and how this can help you navigate your networking and your NAS.

  • How to Set Up a Shared Folder

    Create and customize folders on your NAS that can be accessed locally or remotely. Control user access as well as adjust various other settings.

  • How to Take Advantage of Auto Module Installation

    Browse the latest modules online, install and upgrade them through the UI directly from the Thecus server, and activate them all in the same place.

  • How to Use the Thecus Setup Wizard

    Discover NAS on your local network and perform some basic setup steps including RAID creation and assigning IP addresses.

  • Installing and Setup MySQL-kit

    Installation and setup guide for MySQL (open-source relational database management system) and phpMyAdmin (a free and open source tool written in PHP intended to handle the administration of MySQL with the use of a web browser).

  • Installing and Setup Web Server

    • Installing Webserver module
    • Start setting up the Web Server configuration

  • The basics of Thecus Firmware V5

    Learn more about the brand new Firmware V5 for Thecus NAS. This video focus on UI improvements, user-friendliness features, and the new AMI (Auto Module Installation) which allows you to customize your NAS in a few clics. Live video starts at 2:18

  • Использование технологии автоматической установки модулей

    Эта технология позволяет просматривать последние версии модулей, устанавливать и обновлять их непосредственно с сервера Thecus, а также активировать модули с помощью единого интерфейса.

  • Монтирование образа ISO на сетевом хранилище Thecus

    Эта функция позволяет разворачивать образ ISO на диске сетевого хранилища без использования дополнительных программ.


Подключение к NAS-системе

  • How to Access a Shared Folder Locally with AFP (OS X)

    Connect to your NAS from within OS X for straightforward file copying within a familiar environment. AFP allows you to access your NAS as easily as an external hard drive.

  • How to Access a Shared Folder Locally with NFS (OS X)

    Connect to your NAS with this Linux protocol from OS X. NFS allows you to access your NAS as easily as an external hard drive.

  • How to Access a Shared Folder Locally with Samba (Windows/OS X)

    Connect to your NAS with this widely used protocol. SMB allows you to access your NAS as easily as an external hard drive.

  • How to Access the Thecus User Interface, Web Disk, and Photo Server

    A few basic steps on how to connect to your NAS through your web browser.

  • How to Connect to an iSCSI Target Using Windows

    Treat your NAS as an internal disk in your computer and transfer files faster than Samba, AFP, or NFS with this protocol. Read the "How to Create an iSCSI Target on Thecus NAS" guide to learn how to create an iSCSI partition.

  • How to Create an iSCSI Target on Thecus NAS

    Treat your NAS as an internal disk in your computer and transfer files faster than Samba, AFP, or NFS with this protocol. Read the " How to Connect to an iSCSI Target Using Windows " guide to learn how to connect to your new iSCSI partition.

  • How to Guide- ES File Explorer

    In addition to managing local / shared / FTP / and Bluetooth file folders, you can also directly manage a variety of cloud storage service folders such as Dropbox, Amazon, Google Drive and others. There is also support for a variety of file formats that can be directly opened with the browser such as ZIP, PDF, Image and multimedia files among others.

  • How to Guide- FTPManager

    FTPManager - это приложение, которое поможет вам получить прямой доступ к файлам на удаленном FTP-сервере с помощью ваших устройств iOS. Вы можете просмотреть все виды файлов, воспроизвести видео/музыку, а также редактировать файлы на ваших устройствах iOS. Приложение поддерживает управление файлами FTP с полным объемом функций. А для экспертов доступны все FTP журналы.

  • How To Guides: Piczza Photo Server

    The new Piczza photo server provides a completely new interface and many new functions. The new module makes editing, organizing, and sharing photos easier than ever.

  • How To Guides: Web Disk

    The Web Disk  application (also known as WebDAV) allows you to manage and manipulate files on your server.

  • How to publish your NAS on the internet

    This guide will show you how to publish your NAS on the Internet, this allows you to access and configure your NAS files via the internet remotely.

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  • How to use Aria2:Downloading via your NAS

    Aria2 is a lightweight multi-protocol & multi-source command-line download utility. It supports HTTP/HTTPS, FTP, BitTorrent and Metalink. aria2 can be manipulated via built-in JSON-RPC and XMLRPC interfaces.

  • How to use the Thecus Dashboard: Monitoring Your NAS Wirelessly from iPhones and iPads

    View a number of important status updates from your NAS and manage users privileges and Internet protocols from anywhere in the world. 

  • How-to Guide: Transmission (BitTorrent Client)

    Transmission is a cross-platform BitTorrent client.

  • How-to Guide:PLEX (Media Server)

    Plex is a media player system consisting of a player application with a 10-foot user interface and an associated media server.

  • Installing and Using XBMC

    Appealing to a broad range of users, XBMC is an open source media center which was originally created for Xbox. Its graphical user interface (GUI) allows the user to easily browse and view videos, photos, podcasts, and music using only a few buttons.
    Currently, XBMC can be used to play almost all popular audio and video formats around directly from your hard drive. XBMC features playlist and slideshow functions, a weather forecast, and many audio visualizations.

  • Настройка общих папок

    На сетевом хранилище можно создавать и настраивать папки, которые будут доступны как локально, так и удаленно. Для них можно настраивать параметры доступа пользователей и другие параметры.

  • Подключение томов iSCSI в ОС Windows

    Эта технология позволяет использовать сетевое хранилище в качестве встроенного диска, обеспечивая более быстрый обмен данными, чем протоколы Samba, AFP или NFS. Сведения о создании нового тома iSCSI см. в руководстве «Создание тома iSCSI на сетевом хранилище Thecus».

  • Создание томов iSCSI на сетевых хранилищах Thecus

    Эта технология позволяет использовать сетевое хранилище в качестве встроенного диска, обеспечивая более быстрый обмен данными, чем протоколы Samba, AFP или NFS. Сведения о подключении нового тома iSCSI см. в руководстве «Подключение тома iSCSI в ОС Windows».

  • Удаленный доступ к NAS-серверу посредством iPhone

    Приложение и модуль Thecus iPhone Dashboard позволяют просматривать статус NAS-сервера и управлять им из любой точки мира, а также включать и выключать различные протоколы и функции сервера. В данном руководстве показано, как получить доступ к NAS-серверу непосредственно с iPhone, и даны пошаговые инструкции по использованию этой новой функции.


Резервное копирование и защита данных

  • How to Add Encryption to a RAID Volume on Thecus NAS

    Create a physical USB "Key" that must be inserted into the NAS's USB port to access the encrypted RAID volume.

  • How to Guide- Remote Backup

    Data Guard is the powerful backup solution that Thecus provides. Remote backup solutions on the market usually are expensive and requires a complicated setup. Thecus introduces a remote backup solution that allows you to set up different backup solutions in 1 minute; and of course, it's free and built in to ThecusOS. In particular, a “Full backup”, “Custom backup” or “iSCSI backup”, can be set to real-time or scheduled backup according to demand.

  • How to Install and Run the Dropbox Module

     Dropbox is a free cloud service that lets you bring all your photos, docs, and videos anywhere. After you install Dropbox on your computer, any file you save to your Dropbox folder will automatically save to all your computers, your mobile device, and even the Dropbox website.

  • How to Install and Run the ElephantDrive Module

    A cloud backup system that sends your data to an off-site data center that is physically separate from your office.

  • How to Use Rsync Remote Backup Module

    Use the popular Rsync protocol to locally or remotely backup the data from your computer to your NAS or from your NAS to another NAS over Ethernet. Create and edit fixed, specific backup processes for regular automatic backups or manually back up when you choose.

  • Installing and Using Dropbox(Thecus® OS6)

    Before installing and using the Dropbox module, there needs to be at least one user
    account on Thecus®OS6. If you have already created a user account, please skip
    section 1.
    You will also need to have already set up a Dropbox account.

  • Использование модуля резервного копирования USB/eSATA

    Этот модель позволяет выполнять резервное копирование всех данных или выбранных папок сетевого хранилища на внешний диск по интерфейсу USB или eSATA. Можно использовать резервное копирование вручную, а также настраивать и изменять автоматические процессы резервного копирования.

  • Использование модуля удаленного резервного копирования Rsync

    Модуль позволяет с помощью распространенного протокола Rsync выполнять локальное или удаленное резервное копирование данных на сетевое хранилище или с одного хранилища на другое по сети Ethernet. Можно использовать резервное копирование вручную, а также настраивать и изменять автоматические процессы резервного копирования.

  • Использование репликации томов RAID

    Эта технология позволяет создавать копию раздела RAID на другом диске или массиве дисков, установленных в одном хранилище. Затем эти диски с копией можно извлечь и использовать в качестве резервной копии или установить в другое сетевое хранилище, чтобы создать дубликат первого хранилища. При использовании в качестве резервной копии в случае сбоя диска можно просто заменить неисправный диск его копией RAID и продолжить работу без восстановления массива RAID.

  • Передача данных групп пользователей ADS/NT на сетевое хранилище Thecus

    Простой импорт данных пользователей и групп за несколько шагов позволяет легко переключиться серверов Windows NT на сетевое хранилище Thecus.

  • Резервное копирование с использованием сетевого хранилища Thecus и функции Time Machine в Mac OS X

    Функция обеспечивает возможность использовать Time Machine для резервного копирования данных в ОС Mac OS X.

  • Система отказоустойчивости. Руководство пользователя.

    Системная функция отказоустойчивости требует два комплекта систем Thecus NAS (один действует как активный и другой резервный), чтобы иметь конфигурацию системы вблизи линии и резервного копирования данных. Если активная система выйдет из строя по какой-либо причине, включится ждущий режим. Все конфигурации и данные системы будут сохранены в последнем синхронизирующем состоянии.

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  • Создание томов RAID с шифрованием на сетевом хранилище Thecus

    Для использования этой функции создайте ключ шифрования на USB-носителе, который необходимо будет подключать к USB-порту сетевого хранилища для доступа к его содержимому.



  • Использование динамического выделения емкости iSCSI на сетевых хранилищах Thecus

    Технология динамического выделения емкости позволяет создать до 5 динамических разделов на одном сетевом хранилище. Емкость таких разделов изменяется динамически при увеличении объема данных, что обеспечивает более экономное использование дискового пространства. Когда диск заполнен на 90%, появится предупреждение с рекомендацией увеличить емкость сетевого хранилища.

  • Объединение сетевых хранилищ Thecus в стек

    Эта технология обеспечивает доступ к сетевым хранилищам через один IP-адрес. При доступе к хранилищам через этот IP-адрес можно подключать на компьютере сетевые папки с 6 объединенных сетевых хранилищ.




Read, write, or update information on a storage medium.


The amount of time that a system is available during those time periods when it is expected to be available. Availability is often measured as a percentage of an elapsed year. For example, 99.95% availability equates to 4.38 hours of downtime in a year (0.0005 * 365 * 24=4.38) for a system that is expected to be available all the time.


  • Average Response Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation and completion of an I/O operation in milliseconds.
  • Average Read Response Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation and completion of a Read operation.
  • Average Write Response Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation and completion of a Write operation.
  • Average Transaction Time (ms) - Average Time between initiation of a request and completion of the corresponding reply.


The average time it takes for the read/write head to move to a specific location. To compute the average seek time, divide the time it takes to complete a large number of random seeks by the number of seeks performed.


(noun) A collection of data stored on (usually removable) non-volatile storage media for purposes of recovery in case the original copy of data is lost or becomes inaccessible. Also called backup copy. To be useful for recovery, a backup must be made by copying the source data image when it is in a consistent state. (verb) The act of creating a backup.


The period of time available for performing a backup. Backup windows are typically defined by operational necessity. For example, if data is used from 8AM until midnight, then the window between midnight and 8AM is available for making backup copies. For consistent backups, data may not be altered while the backup is occurring, so in some cases a backup window is an interval of time during which data and applications are unavailable.


Bandwidth is the total amount of data that can be transferred at one time between CPU and storage. Generally, bandwidth refers to large block data transfers and is usually measured in MB/sec. (For instance, the total bandwidth available on any given Ultra SCSI bus is 40 MB/sec.) Actual transfer rates are somewhat less than this.


A sector or group of sectors. By default, a sector of data consists of 512 bytes.


Shortened form of binary table, a byte is a group of eight bits handled as a logical unit.


Same technology as cache memory used in servers. Storage cache usually resides on RAID controllers and boosts performance because the CPU doesn't have to wait for a disk head to spin. Data can be written to and read directly from cache.


A body of software that provides common control and management for one or more disk arrays or tape arrays. Control software presents the arrays of disks or tapes it controls to its operating environment as one or more virtual disks or tapes.


Central Processing Unit.

CPU Effectiveness

Total I/Os per second divided by % CPU Utilization, giving a measure in I/Os per second per CPU. Indicates how efficient the I/O subsystem is in CPU utilization.

CPU Utilization (total)

Percentage of processor time spent executing threads other than the Idle thread (in other words, time spent doing useful work). Also know as % Processor Time.

Dedicated Hot Spare

The hot spare drive which is configured to replace failed hard drive only for designated RAID within the storage device.


Preventative measures including fault tolerant systems, redundant hardware, and specialized software to ensure that businesses can operate during certain failures, and quickly recover data, hardware and communications assets.


Any storage unit presented as a single contiguous block of storage. From a hardware perspective, a disk can be a physical local drive, external SCSI attached storage, or a LUN created by a RAID controller.


A storage device attached to a computer or storage device that reads from, writes to, and stores information on a disk or hard drive.


Distributed storage is set up so that each server has its own external storage subsystem.

DPC Time

Percentage of processor time spent in Deferred Procedure Calls.

Dynamic Disks

Contain volume manage management databases comprising information on all other dynamic disks and volumes on a system.


The automatic substitution of a functionally equivalent system component for a failed one. The term failover is most often applied to intelligent controllers connected to the same storage devices and host computers. If one of the controllers fails, failover occurs, and the survivor takes over its I/O load.


The ability to manage the file level data that resides on your storage. This encompasses direct file monitoring and the monitor and control of the space being utilized. An aspect of Storage Resource Management.


A unit of measure consisting of one billion bytes (one thousand megabytes).

Global Hot Spare

The hot spare drive which is configured to replace failed hard drive for any given RAID within the storage device.


The removal or addition of components while the system is running. For example, hard drives, power supplies, PCI cards and buses are often candidates for this term.

Hybrid Hard Drive

Hybrid drive is the next generation hard drive that combines traditional rotating magnetic hard drive with large flash memory.


Refers to data that is being sent from the CPU to any type of storage device or peripheral.

I/O Size

The transfer request size that specifies the number of bytes read or written in each I/O request. You can select any value from 1 byte to almost 1 Gigabyte (limited only by the amount of virtual memory available).

I/O Type

Specifies the percentage of read and write operations performed in each operation. You can have 100% Read, 0% Write, or vice versa or a combination of both.

Interrupt Time

Percentage of processor time spent handling hardware interrupts.

Interrupts per Second

Average number of interrupts per second, averaged over the length of the test so far. If there are multiple processors, this is the total number of interrupts for all processors.


Input/Output operations per second.Total IOPS - Average number of Input/Output operations per second.Read IOPS - Average number of read operations per second.Write IOPS - Average number of write operations per second.


Encapsulation of SCSI commands and data over TCP/IP.

iSCSI - Target

A storage device which the iSCSI volumes are created on.With iSCSI initiator utility and protocol, host server/PC is able to link to the iSCSI target and use the iSCSI volume as local hard disk.


JBOD (for "just a bunch of disks," or sometimes "just a bunch of drives") the official term is "spanning" - used to refer to a computer's hard disks that haven't been configured according to the RAID (for "redundant array of independent disks") system to increase fault tolerance and improve data access performance. The RAID system stores the same data redundantly on multiple disks that nevertheless appear to the operating system as a single disk. Although, JBOD also makes the disks appear to be a single one, it accomplishes that by combining the drives into one larger logical one. JBOD doesn't deliver any advantages over using separate disks independently and doesn't provide any of the fault tolerance or performance benefits of RAID.

Privileged Time

Percentage of processor time spent in Privileged Mode (including the MicrosoftR Windows NTR service layer, the Executive routines, the Windows NT Kernel, and device drivers for most devices other than graphics adapters and printers).


Storage equipment combined with networking device to provide faster performance, easy installation, space saving, interoperability, and lower cost.


A copy of a set of files and directories as they were at a particular point in the past, a read-only copy of the data set frozen at a point in time.

Stack Master

A storage/server device that supports capacity expansion function (stackable) by iSCSI protocol or other means.

Stack Target

A storage device that is connected to the stack master to expand capacity on the master device via iSCSI protocol or other means.

User Time

Percentage of processor time spent in User Mode (including application and subsystem code, the graphics engine, graphics device drivers, printer device drivers, and the window manager).


Wake-on-LAN is the ability to switch on the system through special network packet. The administrator can remotely boot up the system.